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Feminine and Masculine Words / Palabras Femininas y Masculinas

 

Masculine words

  1. Usually nouns ending in “o”, “r”, “s” y “l” are masculine words. Nouns that refer to male living creature, jobs or occupations of men are masculine. Words ending in “ón” can be both masculine and feminine.  

 

 Examples of masculine words:

  • el médico – the doctor 

  • el oso – the bear

  • el plato – the plate

  • el color – the color

  • el hotel – the hotel

 

Examples of words endin in “ón”:

  • el corazón – the heart 
  • la información – the information 

 

  1. The days of the week are always masculine

 Examples:

  • el lunes – Monday   
  • el sábado– Saturday

 

  1. It is important to remember that in Spanish you’ll find some masculine words ending in “a”. Because of that, when memorizing the vocabulary, it is important to memorize the articles of the words as well.

     

 Examples of masculine words ending in "a":

  • el poema – the poem
  • el programa – the program
  • el dia – the day

 

  1. Words ending in “aje” usually are masculine.

 Examples of words ending in "aje":

  • el viaje – the trip
  • el peaje – the toll
  • el paisaje – the landscape

 

Feminine words

1. Usually nouns ending in “a”, z” are feminine words. Nouns that refer to female living creature, female animals, jobs or occupation of women are feminine.

Examples of feminine words:

  • la médica – the doctor (a woman doctor)
  • la perra – female dog
  • la silla – the chair
 

2. It is important to remember that in Spanish you’ll find some feminine words ending in “o”.

Examples of feminine words ending in "o":

  • la moto – the motorcycle
  • la foto – the picture
  • la radio – the radio
  • la mano – the hand

 

3. Nouns ending in “dad / dades” and “umbre” / umbres” usually are feminine

Examples: 

  • las cidades – the cities
  • la legumbre – the legume
  • la generosidad – the generosity

Note:

Nouns ending in E can be both feminine and masculine

Examples:

  • la mente – the mind
  • el diente – the teeth
  • el puente – the bridge
  • la leche – the milk

 

The feminine of the words

1.      When a noun ends in “o”  ►► You must change the “o” for “a”

 Examples:

  • el médico (male doctor) = la médica (female doctor) - Note that the article also changes, since it must agree in gender and number with the noun
  • el  perro (male dog)  = la perra (female dog)                                                               
 

2.      When a noun ends in “r” or “s” ►► You just add “a”

 Examples:                                    

  • el señor (sir) = la señora (mrs)
  • el japonés (Japanese man) = la japonesa (Japanese woman)

 3.      When a noun end in “ón”  ►► You must change “ón” for “ona”

 Examples:

  • el patrón (male boss) = la patroa (female boss)
  • el ladrón (male robber) = la ladrona (female robber)

 4.      When a noun ends in “ista”  ►►  it remains unchanged (but you can know if it is a feminine or a masculine word through the article used).

 Examples:

  • el dentista (male denstist) = la dentista (female dentist)
  • el pianista (male pianist) – la pianista (female pianist)

 

Masculine and Feminine forms of some professions

 

 

 English

 Masculine

 Feminine

   the boss

 el jefe

 la jefa

 the physician

 el médico

 la médica

 the client

 el cliente

 la clienta

 the lawyer

 el abogado

 la abogada

 the president

 el presidente

 la presidenta

 the engineer

 el ingeniero

 la ingeniera

 the secretary

 el secretario

 la secretaria

 the architect

 el arquitecto

 la arquitecta

 the cashier

 el cajero

 la cajera

 the professor

 el profesor

 la profesora

 the director

 el director

 la directora

 the actor

 el actor

 la actriz

 the poet

 el poeta

 La poetisa

 the writer

 el escritor

 la escritora