Lesson 8 – The Present Progressive in Spanish

In the last lesson about the Spanish verb Estar, you learned that the present progressive is formed by using Estar. In this lesson, we will learn how conjugate the gerund or the “ing” form a verb. (When I say “ing,” I’m referring to when the verb in English ends in “ing,” like eating, watching, calling, showering, etc.).

In Spanish, to form the gerund, you will take verbs that end in “ar” and replace the “ar” with “ando.”

For example:

Mandar (to send) – mandando (sending)
Mirar (to watch/look) – mirando (watching/looking)
Hablar (to talk) – hablando (talking)

Now, for those verbs ending in “er” or “ir,” you’re going to drop these endings and add “iendo.” For example:

Comer (to eat) – comiendo (eating)
Vivir (to live) – viviendo (living)

Note that some verbs have a stem-change when converted to the gerund form, but this will be discussed later.

Now you can form the present progressive, which as you learned in lesson 7 is most often used only to describe or emphasize actions literally taking place in the moment.

Again, to form the present progessive, the formula is:

Estar (conjugated in the present tense) + gerund form of action verb.

Yo estoy comiendo pizza.