Lesson Femi masc

Feminine and Masculine Words / Palabras Femininas y Masculinas

Masculine words

  1. Usually nouns ending in “o”, “r”, “s” y “l” are masculine words. Nouns that refer to male living creature, jobs or occupations of men are masculine. Words ending in “ón” can be both masculine and feminine.


 Examples of masculine words:

  • el médico – the doctor
  • el oso – the bear
  • el plato – the plate
  • el color – the color
  • el hotel – the hotel

Examples of words endin in “ón”:

  • el corazón – the heart
  • la información – the information


  1. The days of the week are always masculine


  • el lunes – Monday
  • el sábado– Saturday


  1. It is important to remember that in Spanish you’ll find some masculine words ending in “a”. Because of that, when memorizing the vocabulary, it is important to memorize the articles of the words as well.

 Examples of masculine words ending in “a”:

  • el poema – the poem
  • el programa – the program
  • el dia – the day


  1. Words ending in “aje” usually are masculine.

 Examples of words ending in “aje”:

  • el viaje – the trip
  • el peaje – the toll
  • el paisaje – the landscape


Feminine words

1. Usually nouns ending in “a”, z” are feminine words. Nouns that refer to female living creature, female animals, jobs or occupation of women are feminine.

Examples of feminine words:

  • la médica – the doctor (a woman doctor)
  • la perra – female dog
  • la silla – the chair

2. It is important to remember that in Spanish you’ll find some feminine words ending in “o”.

Examples of feminine words ending in “o”:

  • la moto – the motorcycle
  • la foto – the picture
  • la radio – the radio
  • la mano – the hand


3. Nouns ending in “dad / dades” and “umbre” / umbres” usually are feminine


  • las cidades – the cities
  • la legumbre – the legume
  • la generosidad – the generosity


Nouns ending in E can be both feminine and masculine


  • la mente – the mind
  • el diente – the teeth
  • el puente – the bridge
  • la leche – the milk


The feminine of the words

  1. When a noun ends in “o”  ►► You must change the “o” for “a”


  • el médico (male doctor) = la médica (female doctor) – Note that the article also changes, since it must agree in gender and number with the noun
  • el  perr(male dog)  la perr(female dog)                                                               
  1. When a noun ends in “r” or “s” ►► You just add “a”


  • el señor (sir) = la señor(mrs)
  • el japoné(Japanese man) = la japones(Japanese woman)

3.      When a noun end in “ón”  ►► You must change “ón” for “ona”


  • el patrón (male boss) = la patroa (female boss)
  • el ladrón (male robber) = la ladrona (female robber)

4.      When a noun ends in “ista”  ►►  it remains unchanged (but you can know if it is a feminine or a masculine word through the article used).


  • el dentista (male denstist) = la dentista (female dentist)
  • el pianista (male pianist) – la pianista (female pianist)


Masculine and Feminine forms of some professions



 English  Masculine  Feminine
   the boss  el jefe  la jefa
 the physician  el médico  la médica
 the client  el cliente  la clienta
 the lawyer  el abogado  la abogada
 the president  el presidente  la presidenta
 the engineer  el ingeniero  la ingeniera
 the secretary  el secretario  la secretaria
 the architect  el arquitecto  la arquitecta
 the cashier  el cajero  la cajera
 the professor  el profesor  la profesora
 the director  el director  la directora
 the actor  el actor  la actriz
 the poet  el poeta  La poetisa
 the writer  el escritor  la escritora