Lesson-Future

SPANISH LESSONS
FUTURE SIMPLE AND COMPOUND – FUTURO SIMPLE Y COMPUESTO

Future Imperfect – Simple tenseTo conjugate the future you can use either a simple tense or a compound tense. To form a simple tense you just use one verb – the main verb – and to form a compound tense you must use two verbs – an auxiliary verb and the main verb.

Usually people express future using compound sentences specially to refer to something that is going to happen in a close future. To form a compound sentence in the future, you have to conjugate, in the present tense, the auxiliary verb “ir” (to go), use the preposition“a” and finally use the main verb in the infinitive form. (Check the second chart)

Before seeing and studying compound sentences in the future, let’s see the terminations used for the simple tense. You have already learned that when conjugating regular verbs, you need to preserve the root of the verb in the infinitive form and substitute “ar”, “er” or“ir” for specific terminations, according to the tense you want to get the verb conjugated.

For the future tense, you have to replace ar,er, and ir for the following bold terminations:

 

Person Amar(to love) Comer(to eat) Abrir(to open)
Singular Yo amaré comeré abriré
amarás comerás abrirás
Él / Ella / Ud amará comerá abrirá
Plural Nosotros / Nosotras amaremos comeremos abriremos
Ellos/ Ellas/ Uds amarán comerán abrirán

Examples:

  • (Yo)comeré – I’ll eat.
  • (Tú) comerás – You’ll eat.
  • Ella comerá – She’ll eat.
  • Él comerá – He’ll eat.
  • Usted comerá – You’ll eat- formal.
  • (Nosotros) comeremos – We’ll eat.
  • Ellos comerán– They’ll eat.
  • Ustedes comerán – You’ll eat – formal.

 

Future – Compound Tense

Person Ir + a + Amarto love) Ir + a + Comer(to eat) Ir + a + Abrir(to open)
Singular Yo voy a amar voy a comer voy a abrir
vas a amar vas a comer vas a abrir
Él / Ella / Ud va a amar va a comer va a abrir
Plural Nosotros / Nosotras vamos a amar vamos a comer vamos a abrir
Ellos/ Ellas/ Uds van a amar van a comer van a abrir

 

Examples:

  • (Yo) voy  a comer. – I’m going to eat.
  • (Tú) vas a comer. – You are going to eat.
  • Ella va a comer. – She is going to eat.
  • Él va a comer. – He is going to eat.
  • Usted va a comer. – You are going to eat – formal.
  • (Nosotros) vamos a comer. – We’re going to eat.
  • Ellos van a comer. – They are going to eat.
  • Ustedes van a comer. – You’re going to eat – formal.