Lesson-Numbers

Number / Números

If you want to hear the pronunciation of the numbers and know the unities, tens and hundreds go to Audio Lessons section – The Basic of Spanish and take a look at the lesson about Numbers. In this lesson you’ll find some notes and information about how to use cardinal and ordinal numbers.

Un and Uno (one)

Uno and un are synonyms. Both of them refer to the number one, but “un” must be used before masculine words. Observe that “un” means “one” and “a” (the indefinite article). Study the examples below:
Examples:

  • un coche – one car / a car
  • un hombre – one man / a man
  • un niño – one boy / a boy

Una

Una means “one” and a” (the indefinite article) and must be used along with feminine words. Study the examples:

Examples:

  • una casa – one house / a house
  • una mujer – one woman / a woman
  • una niña – one girl / a girl

Cardinal Numbers from 0 to 30

Numbers from 0 to 30 are written as one word.

  1. cero
  2. uno
  3. dos
  4. tres
  5. cuatro
  6. cinco
  7. seis
  8. siete
  9. ocho
  10. nueve
  11. diez
  12. once
  13. doce
  14. trece
  15. catorce
  16. quince
  17. dieciséis
  18. diecisiete
  19. dieciocho
  20. diecinueve
  21. veinte
  22. veintiuno
  23. veintidós
  24. veintitrés
  25. veinticuatro
  26. veinticinco
  27. veintiséis
  28. veintisiete
  29. veintiocho
  30. veintinueve
  31. treinta

Cardinal Numbers from 31 to  99

From 31 to 99 you have to add “y” (which means “and”) between the tens and the unities.

Examples:

  • 31. treinta y uno
  • 32. treinta y dos
  • 33. treinta y tres
  • 34. treinta y cuatro
  • 40. cuarenta
  • 45. cuarenta y cinco
  • 46. cuarenta y seis
  • 59. cincuenta
  • 52. cincuenta y dos
  • 60. sesenta
  • 67. sesenta y siete
  • 70. setenta
  • 78. setenta y ocho
  • 80. ochenta
  • 84. ochenta y cuatro
  • 90. noventa

Hundreds

It is not necessary to add “y” between hundreds and tens or hundreds and unities. Study the examples below. You just have to add “y” from 31 to 99

Example:

  • 120. ciento veinte
  • 235. doscientos treinta y cinco
  • 367. trescientos sesenta y siete
  • 456. cuatrocientos cincuenta y seis
  • 567. quinientos sesenta y siente
  • 654. seiscientos cincuenta y cuatro
  • 722. setecientos veintidós
  • 802. ochocientos dos
  • 978. novecientos setenta y ocho

Hundred

Use the word “cien” for 100 and the word “ciento” for number from 101 to 199.

 Example:

  • 100. cien
  • 135. ciento treinta y cinco
  • 167. ciento sesenta y siete
  • 199. ciento noventa y nueve

 

Hundreds

200, 300, 400, 500, 600, 700, 800, 900 have feminine and masculine forms in Spanish. They must agree in gender and number with the noun. Observe that when they are written in the masculine form they end in “os”,and when they are written in the feminine from they end in “as”

 

Number Masculine Feminine
200 Doscientos Doscientas
300 Trescientos Trescientas
400 Cuatrocientos Cuatrocientas
500 Quinientos Quinientas
600 Seiscientos Seiscientas
700 Setecientos Setecientas
800 Ochocientos Ochocientas
900 Novecientos Novecientas

 Compare:

  • 200 men: doscientos hombres / 200 women: doscientas mujeres
  • 330 cars: trescientos treinta coches / 330 houses: trescientas treinta casas.
  • 467 boys: cuatrocientos sesenta y siete niños / 467 girls: cuatrocientas sesenta y siete niñas

 

Ordinal Numbers

Ordinal numbers are used to express the position or order in a sequence. In English the ordinal numbers from 1 to 10 are: first, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth, ninth, tenth. See the equivalents in Spanish. Note that in Spanish the ordinal numbers have feminine and masculine forms.

 

Number Masculine Feminine
First Primero Primera
Second Segundo Segunda
Third Tercero Tercera
Fourth Cuarto Cuarta
Fifth Quinto Quinta
Sixth Sexto Sexta
Seventh Séptimo Séptima
Eighth Octavo Octava
Ninth Noveno Novena
Tenth Décimo Décima

 

Primero and Tercero

Before a masculine noun drop the last vowel “o”. Study the examples below:

Examples:

  • primer día – first day
  • tercer día – third day

Days of the month

In Spanish the ordinal numbers are not used to express the days of the month. In some places people use the word “primero” just for the first day of the month and the cardinal numbers (dos, tres, cuatro, cinco, seis…) for the other days.