Lesson-Verbtener

VERB TO HAVE / VERBO TENER

Study the conjugation of verb tener (to have) in the present tense:

 

Tener (to have) Tener (to have) Translation
Singular Yo tengo I have
tienes You have
Él / Ella / Ud tiene He has / She has / You have (formal)
Plural Nosotros / Nosotras tenemos We have
Ellos / Ellas / Uds tienen They have / You have (formal)

 

How to use verb “tener”?

Verb “tener” can be used in two different ways:

1. To express that someone possesses something

Examples:

  • (Yo) Tengo un perro. (I have a dog)
  • (Tú) Tienes un perro. (You have a dog)
  • Él tiene un perro. (He has a dog)
  • Ella tiene un perro (She has a dog)
  •  Usted tiene un perro. (You have a dog – formal)
  • (Nosotros) Tenemos un perro. (We have a dog)
  • Ellos tienen un perro. (They have a dog)
  • Ustedes tienen un perro. (You have a dog – formal)

 

2. To express that someone has to do something. In this case it is necessary to use the following formula: Tener (conjugated according to the person) + que verb in the infinitive form.

I have to – (Yo) Tengo que

Examples:

  • (Yo) Tengo que limpiar la casa. (I have to clean the house)
  • (Tú) Tienes que limpiar la casa. (You have to clean the house)
  • Él tiene que limpiar la casa. (He has to clean the house)
  • Ella tiene que limpiar la casa. (She has to clean the house)
  •  Usted tiene que limpiar la casa. (You have to clean the house – formal)
  • (Nosotros) Tenemos que limpiar la casa. (We have to clean the house)
  • Ellos tienen que limpiar la casa. (They have to clean the house)
  • Ustedes tienen que limpiar la casa. (You have to clean the house – formal)

 

Idiomatic Expressions with verb “tener”

Verb “tener” is used in many idiomatic expressions. Study the expressions below:

  • Tengo sed – I’m thirsty
  • Tengo hambre – I’m hungry
  • Tengo suerte – I’m lucky
  • Tengo sueños – I’m sleepy
  • Tengo prisa – I’m in a hurry
  • Tengo miedo – I’m afraid of
  • Tengo frío – I’m cold
  • Tengo calor – I’m hot
  • Tengo razón – I’m right