Subjunctive-PartII

SUBJUNCTIVE II / SUBJUNTIVO II

 

Subjunctive

In the chart below you’ll see how regular verbs ending in ar, er and ir are conjugated in the Subjunctive Mood – Present. Remember that when conjugating verbs in the subjunctive mood, you just have to preserve the root of the verb and substitute “ar”, “er” or “ir” for the following bold terminations.

 

 Person Amar

(to love)

Comer

(to eat)

Abrir

(to open)

Singular Yo ame coma abra
ames comas abras
Él / Ella / Ud ame coma abra
Plural Nosotros / Nosotras amemos comamos abramos
Ellos/ Ellas/ Uds amen coman  abran

 

Examples: 

  • Dudo que (yo) ame a María. (I doubt that I love Maria.)
  • Dudo que (tú) ames a María. (I doubt that you love Maria.)
  • Dudo que ella ame a María.  (I doubt that she loves Maria)
  • Dudo que él ame a María. (I doubt that he loves Maria)
  • Dudo que usted ame a María. (I doubt that you love Maria – formal)
  • Dudo que (nosotros) amemos a María. (I doubt that we love Maria)
  • Dudo que ellos amen a María. (I doubt that they love Maria)
  • Dudo que ustedes amen a María. (I doubt that you love Maria – formal)

 

Verbs that have their roots changed when conjugated in the Simple Present, have the same kind of changes in the Subjunctive Mood.

Some verbs ending in “ar” or “er” having the vowel “e” at the second-to-the-last syllable have the root changed in the Simple Present as well as in the Subjunctive Mood. A vowel “i” is added to the root before the vowel “e”, except for the persons “nosotros / nosotras”.

 

Person Pensar

(to think)

Entender

(to understand)

Yo piense entienda
pienses entiendas
Él / Ella / Ud piense entienda
Nosotros / Nosotras pensemos entendamos
Ellos/ Ellas/ Uds piensen entiendan

Examples: 

  • No creo que (yo) entienda todo. (I don’t believe that I understand everything.)
  • No creo que (tú) entiendas todo. (I don’t believe that you understand everything.)
  • No creo que ella entienda todo. (I don’t believe that she understands everything)
  • No creo que él entienda todo. (I don’t believe that he understands everything)
  • No creo que usted entienda todo.. (I don’t believe that you understand everything – formal)
  • No creo que (nosotros) entendamos todo. (I don’t believe that we understand everything)
  • No creo que ellos entiendan todo (I don’t believe that they understand everything)
  • No creo que ustedes entiendan todo. (I don’t believe that you understand everything – formal)

 

Some verbs ending in “ar” or “er” having the vowel “o” at the second-to-the-last syllable have the root changed. The vowel “o” is changed for “ue”, except for the persons “nosotros / nosotras”

Person Contar

(to tell)

Volver

(to return / to come back)

Yo cuente vuelva
cuentes vuelvas
Él / Ella / Ud cuente vuelva
Nosotros / Nosotras contemos volvamos
Ellos/ Ellas/ Uds cuenten vuelvan

 

Examples: 

  • Es posible que (yo) vuelva por la tarde. (It is possible that I return in the afternoon.)
  • Es posible que (tú) vuelvas por la tarde. (It is possible that you return in the afternoon)
  • Es posible que ella vuelva por la tarde. (It is possible that she returns in the afternoon)
  • Es posible que usted vuelva por la tarde. (It is possible that you returns in the afternoon –  formal)
  • Es posible que (nosotros) volvamos por la tarde. (It is possible that we return in the afternoon)
  • Es posible que ellos vuelvan por la tarde. (It is possible that they return in the afternoon)
  • Es posible que ustedes vuelvan por la tarde. (It is possible that you return in the afternoon – formal)

Some verbs ending in “ir” having the vowel “e” at the second-to-the-last syllable have the root changed when they are conjugated in the Subjunctive Mood. The vowel “e” is changed for “i” or the vowel “i” is added to the root before the vowel “e”. In the Simple Present tense there is no changes for the persons “nosotros / nosotras” but in the Subjunctive mood the vowel “i” remains in the root. Study the chart below:

Person Seguir

(to follow)

Sentir

(to feel)

(que) Yo siga sienta
(que) Tú siguas sientas
(que) Él / Ella / Ud sigua sienta
(que) Nosotros / Nosotras sigamos sintamos
(que) Ellos/ Ellas/ Uds sigan sientan

Examples: 

  • Es importante que (yo) siga las leyes. (It is important that I follow the laws.)
  • Es importante que (tú) sigas las leyes. (It is important that you follow the laws)
  • Es importante que ella siga las leyes. (It is important that she follows the laws)
  • Es importante que él siga las leyes. (It is important that he follows the laws)
  • Es importante que usted siga las leyes. (It is important that you follow the laws –  formal)
  • Es importante que (nosotros) sigamos las leyes. (It is important that we follow the laws)\
  • Es importante que ellos sigan las leyes. (It is important that they follow the laws)
  • Es importante que ustedes sigan las leyes. (It is important that you follow the laws – formal)