Subjunctive-PartIII

SUBJUNCTIVE III / SUBJUNTIVO III

 

Subjunctive

In this lesson you’ll study more cases of irregular verbs conjugated in the Subjunctive Mood.

Verbs ending in “cer” such as verb merecer (to deserve) has an irregular conjugation for the first person Yo in the Simple Present tense. The conjugation for I deserve = Yo merezco.

Now look how the irregular conjugation in the Present guides the conjugation of the same verb in the Subjunctive Mood.

 

Person Merecer (to deserve)
Yo merezca
merezcas
Él / Ella / Ud merezca
Nosotros / Nosotras merezcamos
Ellos / Ellas / Uds merezcan

 

Examples: 

  • No creo que (yo) merezca el trofeo. (I don’t believe that I deserve the trophy.)
  • No creo que (tú) merezcas el trofeo. (I don’t believe that you deserve the trophy.)
  • No creo que él merezca el trofeo. (I don’t believe that he deserves the trophy.)
  • No creo que ella merezca el trofeo. (I don’t believe that she deserves the trophy.)
  • No creo que usted merezca el trofeo. (I don’t believe that you deserve the trophy – formal.)
  • No creo que (nosotros) merezcamos el trofeo. (I don’t believe that we deserve the trophy.)
  • No creo que ustedes  merezcan el trofeo. (I don’t believe that you deserve the trophy – formal.)
  • No creo que ellos merezcan el trofeo. (I don’t believe that they deserve the trophy.)

 

Verb tener (to have) has an irregular conjugation for the first person Yo in the Simple Present tense. The conjugation for I have = Yo tengo.

Now look how the irregular conjugation in the Simple Present guides the conjugation of the same verb in the Subjunctive Mood.

Person Tener (to have)
Yo tenga
tengas
Él / Ella / Ud tenga
Nosotros / Nosotras tengamos
Ellos / Ellas / Uds tengan

 

Verb hacer (to do or to make) has an irregular conjugation for the first person Yo in the Simple Present tense. The conjugation for I do / I make = Yo hago.

Now look how the irregular conjugation in the Simple Present guides the conjugation of the same verb in the Subjunctive Mood.

 

Examples: 

  • Espero que (yo) tenga el dinero. (I hope I have the money.)
  • Espero que (tú) tengas el dinero. (I hope you have the money.)
  • Espero que ella tenga el dinero. (I hope she has the money)
  • Espero que él tenga el dinero. (I hope he has the money)
  • Espero que usted tenga el dinero. (I hope you have the money- formal)
  • Espero que nosotros tengamos el dinero. (I hope we have the money)
  • Espero que ustedes tengan el dinero. (I hope you have the money- formal)
  • Espero que ellos tengan el dinero. (I hope they have the money)

 

Person Hacer (to make / do)
Yo haga
hagas
Él / Ella / Ud haga
Nosotros / Nosotras hagamos
Ellos / Ellas / Uds hagan

 

Examples: 

  • Sugiero que (yo) haga los deberes. (I suggest that I do the homework.)
  • Sugiero que  (tú) hagas los deberes. (I suggest that you do the homework.)
  • Sugiero que él haga los deberes. (I suggest that he does the homework.)
  • Sugiero que ella  haga los deberes. (I suggest that she does the homework.)
  • Sugiero que usted haga los deberes. (I suggest that I do the homework – formal.)
  • Sugiero que (nosotros) hagamos los deberes. (I suggest that we do the homework.)
  • Sugiero que ustedes hagan los deberes. (I suggest that you do the homework – formal.)
  • Sugiero que ellos hagan los deberes. (I suggest that they do the homework – formal.)

 

Now study the verbs in the list below. They have the same kind of changes in the Simple Present and in the Subjunctive Mood:

English Spanish Simple Present – Yo Subjunctive Mood – Yo
flee huir huyo huya
say decir digo diga
bring traer traigo traiga
go ir voy vaya
hear oír oigo oiga
to be ser soy sea
know saber sepa